Canine Health: The Top 4 Illnesses to Look Out for In Your Dog

It’s not uncommon for pet owners to overlook their dogs’ health, especially with the attention they give to their own. However, your dog’s body is just as vulnerable to illness and injury as yours is, if not more so. While you may spot some common signs of illness in your dogs, such as lethargy or a loss of appetite, others can be subtle or even deceptive. That’s why every pet owner must know what serious illnesses look like in dogs and how they should be treated.

Hip Dysplasia

Hip Dysplasia is a condition where the ball at the top of your dog’s hip joint, which should be perfectly round like a golf ball, is flattened and malformed. This causes pain in dogs as they age and can eventually lead to arthritis if left untreated.

Dogs with this condition often have an arched back or an unusual gait. In severe cases, you may see your dog walk stiffly or limp because of how painful their hips are. Hip dysplasia can occur in all breeds of dogs, but it’s most common in large breeds like Labrador Retrievers and German Shepherds because these breeds have larger bones that are more likely to develop dysplasia when compared to smaller bones such as those found on smaller dogs and cats.


Arthritis is a degenerative disease that affects the joints of your dog’s body. It can be caused by many factors, including age and weight gain. If your dog has been diagnosed with arthritis, you should take steps to prevent it from worsening.

Symptoms of canine arthritis include:

  • Limping when walking
  • Stiffness in their legs or joints
  • Loss of balance or coordination

If you notice any of these symptoms in your dog, you must consult with a veterinarian right away so they can determine the best course of action for treating canine arthritis.


Diabetes is a disease of the pancreas, which causes it to produce little or no insulin. If left untreated, diabetes can cause serious health problems for your dog, including kidney failure and blindness. Symptoms include excessive drinking, urinating frequently (more than once per hour), increased appetite, and weight loss.


Here is what you need to know about parvovirus. Parvo is a contagious disease that can be fatal for your dog if not treated properly. Its symptoms include vomiting and diarrhea, making the virus easier to spread from one dog to another. Parvo is spread through direct contact with an infected animal’s feces, so any place where dogs go will likely be contaminated with parvovirus. The incubation period of parvovirus ranges from two days to 14 days, and most puppies will show signs of illness within 3-4 days of contracting it. If left untreated, dogs suffering from parvo may die within ten days as their immune systems are weakened by the virus’ effects on their bodies.

Parvo can be treated with fluids given intravenously to keep up their hydration levels while they fight off infection. However, the best way to prevent infection is through vaccination against this deadly disease.


Hopefully, this article has given you a good overview of the top 4 illnesses that can affect our beloved pets. If you are concerned about your pet’s health or want to know more, please contact your vet immediately.


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