Cardiac surgery, also known as cardiovascular surgery, is surgery performed on the heart or major blood vessels by cardiac surgeons. Surgery is not always necessary for heart problems. They can sometimes be treated with lifestyle modifications, medications, or nonsurgical procedures.
If other treatments have failed or are no longer available, a heart surgery can be used to correct heart problems. There are numerous types of heart surgery. However, these surgeries involve high risk and may result in side effects in the patients.
To undergo heart surgery in Bangalore, one can visit the top heart surgery hospital in Bangalore
Major types of heart surgery
CABG or Coronary artery bypass grafting
CABG is also known as heart bypass surgery or coronary artery bypass surgery.
In this surgery, the surgeon attaches a healthy artery or vein from another part of your body to the blocked coronary artery to supply blood. The implanted artery or vein creates a new pathway for blood to circulate to the heart muscle by bypassing the blocked part of the coronary artery.
Aneurysm repair surgery
To repair a balloon-like bulge in the artery or heart muscle wall, a patch or graft is used to replace a damaged segment of the artery or heart wall.
The damaged heart is removed, and a healthy heart from a deceased donor is implanted in its place.
Transcatheter structural heart surgery
Transcatheter aortic valve implantation, which replaces a defective aortic valve with a valve produced from animal tissue, is one example of this type of surgery.
This entails passing a thin, long, flexible tube called a catheter through blood veins in the groin, thigh, abdomen, chest, neck, or collar bone to the heart.
Repair or replacement of the heart valves
Surgeons can either repair or replace the valve with an artificial or natural valve produced from animals or human heart tissue.
The following are some of the risks associated with open-heart surgery:
Cardiovascular surgery, like any other surgical procedure, requires postoperative precautions to prevent complications. To avoid infection and scarring, incision care is required.
The first 48 hours after open-heart surgery are spent in an intensive care unit, where heart rate, blood pressure, and oxygen levels are closely monitored. Chest tubes are inserted into the chest to drain blood from the heart and lungs. The mortality rates of heart surgery and cardiopulmonary bypass surgeries have decreased significantly as technology has advanced.
Heart surgeries are major operations. Although they are frequently successful, they do involve risks.
- Infection of the chest wound (particularly likely in people with obesity or diabetes, or those who have already had a CABG)
- Stroke or heart attack
- Erratic heartbeat
- Failure of the lungs or kidneys
- Low fever and chest ache
- Memory deterioration or “fuzziness”
- A clot in the blood
- Loss of blood
- Anesthetic reactions
- Anaphylaxis or allergy
- Breathing problems
- Death, particularly for those who were already sick prior to surgery.
How to minimize the risk of side effects?
It’s critical to talk to the doctor about the medical history, medications and drugs consumed, allergic reactions, lifestyle habits, alcohol consumption, and smoking to reduce the risk of life-threatening complications and side effects of surgery.
This will also help the doctor provide appropriate treatment. Hospitals play a crucial role in providing the state of the art treatment. If one resides in Bangalore, she/he can visit the top heart surgery hospital in the city.
Soon after surgery, taking care of oneself at home is an important aspect of rehabilitation and this also minimizes the risk of side effects.